1. Proper Training
One of the most obvious is also the most effective. Make sure you and your coworkers feel that you are adequately trained in order to react properly to any safety situation that could arise. Ideally everyone would receive training in First Aid and CPR. This is arguably a necessary basic human skill.
2. Suit Up
Wearing the right equipment for the job is imperative to being able to do it with confidence. Removing any fear of injury can help the job get done the way it needs to. Proper PPE and even the right uniform will contribute to improved safety and accident prevention.
3. Defined Procedures
Not only does defining workplace procedure help people react to an emergency situation but it helps prevent situations from arising. Fire escape routes should be clearly defined and workers should know what they should do in the case of almost any event. Leaving things to logic in times of panic or uncertainty is much too risky.
4. Signs and markings
Simplify everything by putting up printed and easily laid out documents showing the procedure for different incidents. Clearly mark exits, AED and first aid stations, and mark safe areas with regulation safety lines if applicable.
5. Recognize and Reward
Make a point of showing that you notice when something is done right. Most often workers only hear about the things they do wrong and there is nothing more discouraging that having your entire relationship with your boss be negative. Whether you are a co-worker, boss, or volunteer it can be an incredible boost to the safety culture of a workplace to simply recognize when someone does something the right way, no matter how simple a task.